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- A Tribute to John Wayne

Description:
  The Tiburon International Film Festival is pleased to pay a tribute to John Wayne, an American icon and a legend who through his films left a legacy for many generations to come. TIFF will also celebrate John Wayne's 101st birthday along with his family who will join us, with showing the clasic film, The Searchers (1956), along with "John Ford / John Wayne: The filmmaker and the Legend".

'John Wayne Tribute' is Sponsored by: Enterprise Events Group

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"Duke" Wayne began his career as a prop boy, stuntman and extra in the mid-1920s before making his feature film debut in MEN WITHOUT WOMEN (1930). Quickly working his way up from bit player to leading man in Raoul Walsh's THE BIG TRAIL (1930), Wayne would go on to star in almost 180 films over the course of his career and win a Best Actor Oscar in 1969. Though he played everything from football coaches to sailors, his roles in westerns and war films came to define his screen persona, and it is for his contributions to these all-American genres that he is best remembered today.

John Wayne (1907-1979), born Marion Robert Morrison in Winterset, Iowa, moved with his family to southern California in 1913. It was here that he acquired the nickname "Duke." In 1925, he entered the University of Southern California on a football scholarship. His coach arranged summer jobs for several of the players at Fox Film Studios, among them Duke Morrison. "My wages were thirty-five dollars a week," he later recalled. "My job was to lug furniture and props around."

His screen debut, as an unbilled stunt man in Brown of Harvard, came in 1926. The following summer, he and his teammate Ward Bond appeared in The Drop Kick. But it was in his capacity as a prop man at Fox that he first attracted the attention of John Ford. Beginning with Mother Machree (1928), Ford directed him in fourteen films over the years, including Stagecoach (1939), The Long Voyage (1940), The Quiet Man (1952), and The Searchers (1956). A father-son relationship developed between them that endured until Ford's death in 1973.

In 1930, another Fox director, Raoul Walsh, was casting The Big Trail. When Gary Cooper refused the leading role, Ford suggested his protégé. "To be a cowboy star," Walsh contended, "you've got to be six-foot-three or over, have no hips, and a face that looks right under a sombrero." Another stipulation was a "manly" name, and for The Big Trail, Marion Robert Morrison was given the nom-de-film John Wayne.

The Big Trail launched Wayne as a leading man, but Fox did not renew his contract. For the next nine years, he toiled in a long succession of B-movies. In a 1932 serial, Singing Sandy, Wayne achieved a dubious distinction--he became Hollywood's first singing cowboy. But Stagecoach rescued his career. It was, he later said, "my passport to fame."

Although mainly identified with westerns (he made over eighty in all), Wayne made a significant contribution to yet another distinctly American genre: the war movie. From John Ford's Men without Women (1929) to his most propagandistic picture The Green Berets (1968), Wayne appeared in seventeen war movies. As a rule, the setting was World War II--America's last "good" war. Most of these films--and, beginning with Red River (1948), his westerns as well--are characterized by a generational plot: Wayne, as either charismatic leader or unabashedly patriotic role model, guides the younger generation through its rite of passage to responsible adulthood.

Wayne's portrayal of Rooster Cogburn in True Grit earned for him the 1970 Academy Award, and was, in the words of critic Richard Schickel, "the true climax of a great and well-beloved career, if not as an actor, then as an American institution." His last film, The Shootist (1976), was on the order of an epitaph. In it, he plays an aging gunfighter who is dying of cancer, an illness that Wayne himself succumbed to three years later.

Of all the tributes to John Wayne, perhaps the most fitting was Vincent Canby's in the New York Times: "Mr. Wayne's extraordinary physique, along with his particular grace of movement and self-assurance of style, gave weight to minor movies and certified the authenticity of the great ones, to such an extent that we eventually came to see the myth as the man."

Filmography:

Brown of Harvard (1926)
Bardelys the Magnificent (1926)
The Great K & A Train Robbery (1926)
Annie Laurie (1927)
The Drop Kick (1927)
Mother Machree (1928)
Four Sons (1928)
Hangman's House (1928)
Speakeasy (1929)
The Black Watch (1929)
Noah's Ark (1929)
Words and Music (1929)
Salute (1929)
The Forward Pass (1929)
Men Without Women (1930)
Born Reckless (1930)
Rough Romance (1930)
Cheer Up and Smile (1930)
The Big Trail (1930)
Girls Demand Excitement (1931)
Three Girls Lost (1931)
Arizona (1931)
The Deceiver (1931)
Range Feud (1931)
Maker of Men (1931)
The Voice of Hollywood No. 13 (1932)
Running Hollywood (1932)
The Shadow of the Eagle (1932)
Texas Cyclone (1932)
Two-Fisted Law (1932)
Lady and Gent (1932)
The Hurricane Express (1932)
The Hollywood Handicap (1932)
Ride Him, Cowboy (1932)
That's My Boy (1932)
The Big Stampede (1932)
Haunted Gold (1932)
The Telegraph Trail (1933)
The Three Musketeers (1933)
Central Airport (1933)
Somewhere in Sonora (1933)
His Private Secretary (1933)
The Life of Jimmy Dolan (1933)
Baby Face (1933)
The Man From Monterey (1933)
Riders of Destiny (1933)
College Coach (1933)
Sagebrush Trail (1933)
The Lucky Texan (1934)
West of the Divide (1934)
Blue Steel (1934)
The Lawless Frontier (1934)
Helltown (1934)
The Man from Utah (1934)
Randy Rides Alone (1934)
The Star Packer (1934)
The Trail Beyond (1934)
The Lawless Beyond (1934)
'Neath the Arizona Skies (1934)
Texas Terror (1935)
Rainbow Valley (1935)
The Desert Trail (1935)
The Dawn Rider (1935)
Paradise Canyon (1935)
Westward Ho (film) (1935)
The New Frontier (1935)
Lawless Range (1935)
The Oregon Trail (1936)
The Lawless Nineties (1936)
King of the Pecos (1936)
The Lonely Trail (1936)
Winds of the Wasteland (1936)
Sea Spoilers (1936)
Conflict (1936)
California Straight Ahead! (1937)
I Cover the War (1937)
Idol of the Crowds (1937)
Adventure's End (1937)
Born to the West (1937)
Pals of the Saddle (1938)
Overland Stage Raiders (1938)
Santa Fe Stampede (1938)
Red River Range (1938)
Stagecoach (1939)
The Night Riders (1939)
Three Texas Steers (1939)
Wyoming Outlaw (1939)
New Frontier (1939)
Allegheny Uprising (1939)
Dark Command (1940)
Meet the Stars: Cowboy Jubilee (1940)
Three Faces West (1940)
The Long Voyage Home (1940)
Seven Sinners (1940)
A Man Betrayed (1941)
Lady from Louisiana (1941)
The Shepherd of the Hills (1941)
Meet the Stars: Past and Present (1941)
Lady for a Night (1942)
Reap the Wild Wind (1942)
The Spoilers (1942)
In Old California (1942)
Flying Tigers (1942)
Pittsburgh (1942)
Reunion in France (1942)
A Lady Takes a Chance (1943)
In Old Oklahoma (1943)
The Fighting Seabees (1944)
Tall in the Saddle (1944)
Flame of Barbary Coast (1945)
Back to Bataan (1945)
They Were Expendable (1945)
Dakota (1945)
Without Reservations (1946)
Angel and the Badman (1947)
Tycoon (1947)
Red River (1948)
Fort Apache (1948)
Three Godfathers (1948)
Wake of the Red Witch (1948)
The Fighting Kentuckian (1949)
She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949)
Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Rodeo (1949)
Sands of Iwo Jima (1949)
Rio Grande (1950)
Screen Snapshots: Reno's Silver Spur Awards (1951)
Operation Pacific (1951)
The Screen Director (1951) (kısa metrajlı film)
Flying Leathernecks (1951)
Miracle in Motion (1952)
The Quiet Man (1952)
Big Jim McLain (1952)
Trouble Along the Way (1953)
Island in the Sky (1953)
Hondo (1953)
The High and the Mighty (1954)
The Sea Chase (1955)
Screen Snapshots: The Great Al Jolson (1955)
Blood Alley (1955)
The Conqueror (1956)
The Searchers (1956)
The Wings of Eagles (1957)
Jet Pilot (1957)
Legend of the Lost (1957)
I Married a Woman (1958) (kısa rol)
The Barbarian and the Geisha (1958)
Rio Bravo (1959)
The Horse Soldiers (1959)
The Alamo (1960)
North to Alaska (1960)
The Challenge of Ideas (1961)
The Comancheros (1961)
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962)
Hatari! (1962)
The Longest Day (1962)
How the West Was Won (1962)
McLintock! (1963)
Donovan's Reef (1963)
Circus World (1964)
The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965)
In Harm's Way (1965)
The Sons of Katie Elder (1965)
Cast a Giant Shadow (1966)
El Dorado (1966)
A Nation Builds Under Fire (1967)
The War Wagon (1967)
The Green Berets (1968)
Hellfighters (1968)
True Grit (1969)
The Undefeated (1969)
No Substitute for Victory (1970)
Chisum (1970)
Rio Lobo (1970)
Big Jake (1971)
Directed by John Ford (1971)
The Cowboys (1972)
Cancel My Reservation (1972)
The Train Robbers (1973)
Cahill U.S. Marshall (1973)
McQ (1974)
Brannigan (1975)
Rooster Cogburn (1975)
The Shootist (1976)

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