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Orson Welles
Orson Welles was born on May 6, 1915 in Kenosha in Wisconsin, USA. When he was a eenager, he visited Europe, China and Jamaica with his parents. Orson was eight years old when his mother died. He was playing role of an old man in "the Sūss Jew" in Dublin in 1932. In 1934, he told the topicality by dramatizing it for a daily eddition on N.B.C and in 1937, he met with John Houseman, Mercury Theatre. He made his first film "The Hearts of Age" at the age of 19 with a false cranium.

On October 30, 1938, he adapted to the radio of the novel of H. G Wells: "the War of the Worlds", terrorized America and created a national panic. At 25 Orson was in a paradoxical and unusual situation: to support an immense reputation. He signed with the RKO a contract for Citizen Kane. He deliverd not only a good film but "the Film", that which was going to take with against foot all that had been made for 40 years. In 1942, he turned the Magnificent Ambersons, and in 1944, Welles married Rita Hayworth of whom he made the Lady of Shangai in 1946. They divorced in 1947. After making Macbeth, he chose to work outside the United States.

In fact, Welles was never a Hollywood scenario writer because he was not an American child. He profited from a cosmopolitan culture and he will pay this privilege to be able to feel at his place no share. Beat the Devil made in 1957 was his only return to Hollywood. Each of this films reveals the love of the cinema and the pleasure of making some. Parallel to its activity of scenario writer, Welles had all at the same time be a director and actor of theatre, realizer and actor with the radio, writer, novelist and playwright without forgetting his career with television and his many interpretations with the cinema.

The last films of Orson Welles seem a reflexion on the cinema. But all the difficulties which Welles encountered and which slowed down his creative dash, come from what he was a script writer and poet. For F.Truffaut, the drama of Welles it has been to have passed his evenings for thirty years with all-powerful producers who offered cigars to him, but would not have entrusted him hundred meters of film to impress. Orson Welles died on October 10, 1985.



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